bioclimatic architecture is the construction of buildings or homes where climatic conditions are taken into account. The maximum use of the sun, rain, vegetation, as well as the wind is sought for the construction of a building, with what is sought is to minimize the impact on the environment.
Although the construction of a house with these characteristics can certainly be expensive, the energy savings that is achieved with it, will gradually amortize the cost price.
What is there to highlight about bioclimatic architecture?
It is important to keep in mind that, although it seems like a new concept, it really is not, it is something that has been done for centuries. Many of our ancestors made their houses taking advantage of existing natural resources such as wood, stone, earth and all those materials that they used to find in their environment.
With bioclimatic architecture, we seek to support the environment and thus save energy costs. For this reason, if you plan to build a house with these characteristics, you have to take into account aspects of great importance, such as orientation.
It is an aspect of great importance, because energy saving depends on it to a great extent. The windows that the house has will have to be oriented to the south and east, with which we can make the most of solar energy.
renewable energies are also of great importance and in this case, solar energy is one of the main resources to be able to correctly air-condition the house. You can put on a solar roof or panels to get the most out of it.
wind energy is becoming more and more important and in a bioclimatic home the winds can be used to generate energy. For its part, vegetation also plays a very important role. They can provide shade in the summer and protect the building or home when it gets very cold. In addition, they create a very pleasant environment.
The design and shape that is going to be given to the building or home is also an aspect to be taken into account, especially since it largely depends on efficiency construction energy. On the other hand, it should be noted that the resistance of a house depends directly on its height. A tall house has more resistance than a short house. Despite this, it must be taken into account that, in summer, a house with these characteristics is an advantage because there is more ventilation, although in winter there is more infiltration.
The most recommended shape is the rectangular, where few windows must be placed in the north, east and west to avoid direct solar capture during the summer season. A compact and regular shape, which has the ability to conserve solar energy, is important. We must not forget to use other trends such as geothermal, aerothermal, biomass and everything necessary to reduce the consumption of electrical energy as much as possible and that the energy consumed be generated through renewables, making a self-sufficient home.